An in vitro model of renal proximal tubule cell regeneration

Sandra E. Kays, Carolyn D. Berdanier, Anne R. Swagler, Edward A. Lock, Rick G. Schnellmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The ability of renal cells to regenerate is critical for the recovery of renal function following injury. Research on the recovery of renal function has been limited by the lack of in vitro models of renal repair. The goal of this study was to develop an in vitro model of renal proximal tubule cell (RPTC) injury and regeneration using primary cultures of rabbit RPTC. Renal proximal tubules were isolated and cultured in hormonally defined DME/F-12 medium at 37°C under 95% air/5% C02. RPTC were grown to confluency, made quiescent by the removal of insulin and hydrocortisone from the medium for 24-48 hr, and treated with the nephrotoxicant, 1,2-dichlorovinyl-l-cysteine (DCVC). DCVC (100 μM for 2 hr, n = 3-6) resulted in cell injury and the release of nonviable cells from the plate at 24 hr (55% ± 6% confluency, mean ± SEM) and 48 hr (37% ± 7% confluency). Cell monolayers began to regenerate 96 hr after exposure (57% ± 9% confluency) and continued to regenerate reaching 76% ± 8% and 84% ± 1% confluency by 6 and 8 days postexposure. Control cells maintained confluency throughout the experiment. Thus, an in vitro primary cell culture model has been developed in which the cell monolayer regenerates after nephrotoxicant-induced injury. This model may be useful in the study of mechanisms of renal cell injury and repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-215
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Dichlorovinyl-l-cysteine
  • Regeneration
  • Renal proximal tubule cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology


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