An Improved Near-infrared Spectrum of the Archetype y Dwarf WISEP J182831.08+265037.8

Michael C. Cushing, Adam C. Schneider, J. Davy Kirkpatrick, Caroline V. Morley, Mark S. Marley, Christopher R. Gelino, Gregory N. Mace, Edward L. Wright, Peter R. Eisenhardt, Michael F. Skrutskie, Kenneth A. Marsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a Hubble Space Telescope/Wide-Field Camera 3 near-infrared spectrum of the archetype Y dwarf WISEP 182831.08+265037.8. The spectrum covers the 0.9-1.7 μm wavelength range at a resolving power of λ/Δλ ≈ 180 and is a significant improvement over the previously published spectrum because it covers a broader wavelength range and is uncontaminated by light from a background star. The spectrum is unique for a cool brown dwarf in that the flux peaks in the Y, J, and H bands are of near equal intensity in units of f λ . We fail to detect any absorption bands of NH3 in the spectrum, in contrast to the predictions of chemical equilibrium models, but tentatively identify CH4 as the carrier of an unknown absorption feature centered at 1.015 μm. Using previously published ground- and spaced-based photometry, and using a Rayleigh-Jeans tail to account for flux emerging longward of 4.5 μm, we compute a bolometric luminosity of, which is significantly lower than previously published results. Finally, we compare the spectrum and photometry to two sets of atmospheric models and find that the best overall match to the observed properties of WISE 1828+2650 is a ∼1 Gyr old binary composed of two T eff ∼ 325 K, ∼5 M Jup brown dwarfs with subsolar [C/O] ratios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume920
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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