An evaluation of behavioral treatments for insomnia in the older adult

Mindy Engle‐Friedman, Richard R. Bootzin, Lisa Hazlewood, Carol Tsao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


Behavioral treatments were evaluated for their effect on the subjective and objective sleep of older adult insomniacs (N = 53) aged 47 to 76 years. Conditions were support and sleep hygiene, support and sleep hygiene plus progressive relaxation, support and sleep hygiene plus stimulus control, or a measurement control group. The results indicated that all groups, including the measurement control group, were effective in improving the sleep diary assessed awakenings, naptime, and feeling refreshed upon awakening. Subjects at 3 weeks felt less depressed and felt that they had more control over their sleep. Stimulus control was most effective in improving sleep at the posttherapy period. A 2‐year follow‐up showed that the stimulus control subjects most frequently used the treatment instructions and had shorter sleep latencies and highest sleep quality. Behavioral treatments were found to be effective in improving the perception of sleep among older adult insomniacs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-90
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology


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