We first present our new grids of model atmospheres and spectra for hot subdwarf O (sdO) stars: standard non-LTE (NLTE) H+He models with no metals, NLTE line-blanketed models with C+N+O, and NLTE line-blanketed models with C+N+O+Fe. Using hydrogen and helium lines in the optical range, we make detailed comparisons between theoretical spectra of different grids in order to characterize the line-blanketing effects of metals. We find these effects to be dependent on both the effective temperature and the surface gravity. Moreover, we find that the helium abundance also influences in an important way the effects of line blanketing on the resulting spectra. We further find that the addition of Fe (solar abundance) leads only to incremental effects on the atmospheric structure as compared with the case where the metallicity is defined by C+N+O (solar abundances). We use our grids to perform fits on a 9 Å resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio (300 blueward of 5000 ) optical spectrum of SDSSJ160043.6+074802.9, the only known pulsating sdO star. Our best and most reliable result is based on the fit achieved with NLTE synthetic spectra that include C, N, O, and Fe in solar abundances, leading to the following parameters : T eff= 68,500 ± 1770K, log g= 6.09 ± 0.07, and log N(He)/N(H)= -0.64 ± 0.05 (formal fitting errors only). This combination of parameters, particularly the comparatively high helium abundance, implies that line-blanketing effects due to metals are not very large in the atmosphere of this sdO star.
- stars: atmospheres
- stars: fundamental parameters
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science