An ALMA and MagAO Study of the Substellar Companion GQ Lup B

Ya Lin Wu, Patrick D. Sheehan, Jared R. Males, Laird M. Close, Katie M. Morzinski, Johanna K. Teske, Asher Haug-Baltzell, Nirav Merchant, Eric Lyons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Multi-wavelength observations provide a complementary view of the formation of young, directly imaged planet-mass companions. We report the ALMA 1.3 mm and Magellan adaptive optics Hα, i′, z′, and Y S observations of the GQ Lup system, a classical T Tauri star with a substellar companion at ∼110 au projected separation. We estimate the accretion rates for both components from the observed Hα fluxes. In our ∼0.″05 resolution ALMA map, we resolve GQ Lup A's disk in the dust continuum, but no signal is found from the companion. The disk is compact, with a radius of ∼22 au, a dust mass of ∼6 M , an inclination angle of ∼56°, and a very flat surface density profile indicative of a radial variation in dust grain sizes. No gaps or inner cavity are found in the disk, so there is unlikely a massive inner companion to scatter GQ Lup B outward. Thus, GQ Lup B might have formed in situ via disk fragmentation or prestellar core collapse. We also show that GQ Lup A's disk is misaligned with its spin axis, and possibly with GQ Lup B's orbit. Our analysis on the tidal truncation radius of GQ Lup A's disk suggests that GQ Lup B's orbit might have a low eccentricity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number223
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 20 2017


  • accretion, accretion disks
  • instrumentation: adaptive optics
  • planets and satellites: individual (GQ Lup B)
  • stars: individual (GQ Lup)
  • techniques: interferometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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