The adsorption of collector on bomite has been studied in situ in aqueous solutions by applying an atomic force microscopy (AFM). The AFM images show that xanthate, such as potassium ethyl xanthate (KEX) and potassium amyl xanthate (PAX), adsorbs strongly on bomite mainly in the form of insoluble metal xanthate, which binds strongly with the mineral surface without being removed by flushing with ethanol alcohol. This adsorption mechanism is very similar to the one obtained with chalcocite/xanthate system. However, the result also clearly shows that the adsorption of xanthate on bomite is totally different from its adsorption on chaicopyrite, during which oily dixanthogen is the main adsorption product on chaicopyrite surface. The obtained AFM images also showed that the adsorption increases with increasing the collector's concentration. When Cytec Aerofloat 238, a dialkyl dithiophosphate collector, is used, it adsorb on bomite mainly in the form of an oily substance, which can be rinsed off mineral surface by flushing with ethanol alcohol. AFM images also show that the adsorption of Cytec Aerofloat 238 increases with increasing the adsorption time.