Amodeling study of the response of Asian summertime climate to the largest geologic forcings of the past 50 Ma

Gerard H. Roe, Qinghua Ding, David S. Battisti, Peter Molnar, Marin K. Clark, Carmala N. Garzione

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The modern Asian summer monsoon is known to be affected by the modern continental geometry, orography, atmospheric composition, interglacial climate state, and orbital configuration. All of these factors, however, have undergone substantial changes since the Indian and Asian continents collided 50 million years ago. Within the framework of one general circulation model we evaluate the relative importance of each of these factors for the spatial patterns of summertime climate fields and precipitation-weighted 18O. We find that the continental-scale structure of the monsoon circulation remains robust, but there are important impacts on local environmental conditions. The largest differences in climate are associated with changes in orbital configuration and topography because of how those factors influence local gradients in the summer climate variables. Finally, model calculations are consistent with the modern understanding of monsoon dynamics in which the strength of the circulation and the distribution of rainfall are tightly coupled to the spatial patterns of low-level moist static energy and upper tropospheric temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5453-5470
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of geophysical research
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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