American Thoracic Society and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Implementation research workshop report

Bruce G. Bender, Jerry A. Krishnan, David A. Chambers, Michelle M. Cloutier, Kristin A. Riekert, Cynthia S. Rand, Michael Schatz, Carey C. Thomson, Sandra R. Wilson, Andrea Apter, Shannon S. Carson, Maureen George, Joe K. Gerald, Lynn Gerald, Christopher H. Goss, Sande O. Okelo, Richard A. Mularski, Huong Q. Nguyen, Minal R. Patel, Stanley J. SzeflerCurtis H. Weiss, Kevin C. Wilson, Michelle Freemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


To advance implementation research (IR) in respiratory, sleep, and critical care medicine, the American Thoracic Society and the Division of Lung Diseases from the NHLBI cosponsored an Implementation Research Workshop on May 17, 2014. The goals of IR are to understand the barriers and facilitators of integrating new evidence into healthcare practices and to develop and test strategies that systematically target these factors to accelerate the adoption of evidence-based care. Throughout the workshop, presenters provided examples of IR that focused on the rate of adoption of evidence-based practices, the feasibility and acceptability of interventions to patients and other stakeholders who make healthcare decisions, the fidelity with which practitioners use specific interventions, the effects of specific barriers on the sustainability of an intervention, and the implications of their research to inform policies to improve patients' access to high-quality care. During the discussions that ensued, investigators' experience led to recommendations underscoring the importance of identifying and involving key stakeholders throughout the research process, ensuring that those who serve as reviewers understand the tenets of IR, managing staff motivation and turnover, and tackling the challenges of scaling up interventions across multiple settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S213-S221
JournalAnnals of the American Thoracic Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2015


  • Dissemination
  • Knowledge transfer
  • Translational research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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