Alternative reliability-based methodology for evaluation of structures excited by earthquakes

J. Ramon Gaxiola-Camacho, Achintya Haldar, Alfredo Reyes-Salazar, Federico Valenzuela-Beltran, G. Esteban Vazquez-Becerra, A. Omar Vazquez-Hernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


In this paper, an alternative reliability-based methodology is developed and implemented on the safety evaluation of structures subjected to seismic loading. To effectively elaborate the approach, structures are represented by finite elements and seismic loading is applied in time domain. The accuracy of the proposed reliability-based methodology is verified using Monte Carlo Simulation. It is confirmed that the presented approach provides adequate accuracy in calculating structural reliability. The efficiency and robustness in problems related to performance-based seismic design are verified. A structure designed by experts satisfying all post-Northridge seismic design requirements is studied. Rigidities related to beam-to-column connections are incorporated. The structure is excited by three suites of ground motions representing three performance levels: immediate occupancy, life safety, and collapse prevention. Using this methodology, it is demonstrated that only hundreds of deterministic finite element analyses are required for extracting reliability information. Several advantages are documented with respect to Monte Carlo Simulation. To showcase an applicability extension of the proposed reliability-based methodology, structural risk is calculated using simulated ground motions generated via the broadband platform developed by the Southern California Earthquake Center. It is validated the accuracy of the broadband platform in terms of structural reliability. Based on the results documented in this paper, a very solid, sound, and precise reliability-based methodology is proved to be acceptable for safety evaluation of structures excited by seismic loading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-377
Number of pages17
JournalEarthquake and Structures
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • Artificial ground motions
  • Limit state functions
  • Monte Carlo Simulation
  • Performance-based seismic design
  • Reliability analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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