Multiple description coding (MDC) has emerged as a powerful technique for reliable real-time communications over lossy packet networks. In its basic form, it involves encoding a media stream into r substreams that are sent independently from a source to a destination. Each substream (or description) can be decoded independent of the other r - 1 substreams. With every successful reception of a substream, the quality of the decoded signal improves. In this paper, we consider the problem of placing a set of servers in the network such that a desired quality of service can be provided to a community of clients that request MDC-coded traffic. We formulate the server placement (SP) problem, with the goal of identifying the minimum number of server locations that can provide r descriptions to a set of clients such that the delay associated with each path from a chosen server location to a given client is bounded by a given delay constraint and the total "unreliability" associated with the group of paths to a given client is also upper bounded. We show that the SP problem belongs to the class of NP-complete problems. We propose a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) formulation and an efficient heuristic solution for the SP problem. Simulations are conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm and compare it with the optimal solution provided by the MILP solution.
- Multiple description coding
- Path diversity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Media Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering