Additive monitoring and interactions during copper electroprocessing

D. W. Collins, J. B. Hiskey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


Several organic and inorganic substances are widely used to control deposit structure and morphology during the electroprocessing of copper. Methods for monitoring the levels of thiourea, glue and guar gum during electrorefining and electrowinning have been successfully developed under the trade names of Reatrol and CollaMat. Other instrumental methods have been developed for additives and decomposition products associated with the electroplating of copper and other metals. Generally, these methods have been found to be either insufficiently sensitive or lacking in the desired selectivity for some or all of the additives. These procedures have mostly employed DC techniques; i.e., cyclic voltammetry, Tafel analysis, etc. In this work, chronopotentiometry (CP) and AC voltammetry were used to examine the interaction of glue, guar gum, thiourea and chloride during the electroplating of copper onto a platinum electrode. In addition, the interactions between the additives have been explored. It was found that glue in pure electrolyte (H2SO4 and CuSO4 only) had no effect on the chronopotentiogram. Glue was only active if chloride ions were present. The addition of thiourea resulted in several different chronopotentiograms depending on the presence of either chloride or chloride and glue. Thiourea used in conjunction with glue and chloride showed a significant increase in the polarization during copper deposition when compared to the electrolyte containing only glue and chloride. The use of a modified channel electrode further increased the sensitivity of CP. The use of AC voltammetry was explored as a technique to monitor some of the additives. AC voltammograms have more spectral detail then their DC counterparts and it is possible to monitor some of the additives at very low concentrations with AC techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication4th International Conference COPPER 99-COBRE 99
EditorsJ.E. Dutrizac, J. Ji, V. Ramachandran, J.E. Dutrizac, J. Ji, V. Ramachandran
Number of pages17
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventFourth International Conference COPPER 99 - COBRE 99 - Phoenix, AZ, United States
Duration: Oct 10 1999Oct 13 1999

Publication series

Name4th International Conference COPPER 99-COBRE 99


OtherFourth International Conference COPPER 99 - COBRE 99
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhoenix, AZ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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