Adding a Brief Continuous Glucose Monitoring Intervention to the National Diabetes Prevention Program: A Multimethod Feasibility Study

Kelli M. Richardson, Susan M. Schembre, Vanessa Da Silva, Robert M. Blew, Nick Behrens, Denise J. Roe, Farshad Fani Marvasti, Melanie Hingle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) promotes lifestyle changes to prevent diabetes. However, only one-third of DPP participants achieve weight loss goals, and changes in diet are limited. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has shown potential to raise awareness about the effects of diet and activity on glucose among people with diabetes, yet the feasibility of including CGM in behavioral interventions for people with prediabetes has not been explored. This study assessed the feasibility of adding a brief CGM intervention to the Arizona Cooperative Extension National DPP. Extension DPP participants were invited to participate in a single CGM-based education session and subsequent 10-day CGM wear period, during which participants reflected on diet and physical activity behaviors occurring prior to and after hyperglycemic events. Following the intervention, participants completed a CGM acceptability survey and participated in a focus group reflecting on facilitators and barriers to CGM use and its utility as a behavior change tool. A priori feasibility benchmarks included opt-in participation rates≥50%, education session attendance≥80%, acceptability scores≥80%, and greater advantages than disadvantages of CGM emerging from focus groups, as analyzed using the Key Point Summary (KPS) method. Thirty-five DPP members were invited to participate; 27 (77%) consented, and 24 of 27 (89%) attended the brief CGM education session. Median survey scores indicated high acceptability of CGM (median=5, range=1-5), with nearly all (n=23/24, 96%) participants believing that CGM should be offered as part of the DPP. In focus groups, participants described how CGM helped them make behavior changes to improve their glucose (e.g., reduced portion sizes, increased activity around eating events, and meditation). In conclusion, adding a single CGM-based education session and 10-day CGM wear to the DPP was feasible and acceptable. Future research will establish the efficacy of adding CGM to the DPP on participant health outcomes and behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7687694
JournalJournal of Diabetes Research
StatePublished - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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