Adaptive local routing strategy on a scale-free network

Feng Liu, Han Zhao, Ming Li, Feng Yuan Ren, Yan Bo Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Due to the heterogeneity of the structure on a scale-free network, making the betweennesses of all nodes become homogeneous by reassigning the weights of nodes or edges is very difficult. In order to take advantage of the important effect of high degree nodes on the shortest path communication and preferentially deliver packets by them to increase the probability to destination, an adaptive local routing strategy on a scale-free network is proposed, in which the node adjusts the forwarding probability with the dynamical traffic load (packet queue length) and the degree distribution of neighbouring nodes. The critical queue length of a node is set to be proportional to its degree, and the node with high degree has a larger critical queue length to store and forward more packets. When the queue length of a high degree node is shorter than its critical queue length, it has a higher probability to forward packets. After higher degree nodes are saturated (whose queue lengths are longer than their critical queue lengths), more packets will be delivered by the lower degree nodes around them. The adaptive local routing strategy increases the probability of a packet finding its destination quickly, and improves the transmission capacity on the scale-free network by reducing routing hops. The simulation results show that the transmission capacity of the adaptive local routing strategy is larger than that of three previous local routing strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number040513
JournalChinese Physics B
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Local routing
  • Preferential probability
  • Scale-free networks
  • Traffic load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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