Adaptive frequency-hopping schemes for CR-based multi-link satellite networks

Irmak Aykin, Marwan Krunz, Yong Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


In this paper, we study two dynamic frequency hopping (DFH)–based interference mitigation approaches for satellite communications. These techniques exploit the sensing capabilities of a cognitive radio to predict future interference on the upcoming frequency hops. We consider a topology where multiple low Earth orbit satellites transmit packets to a common geostationary equatorial orbit satellite. The FH sequence of each low Earth orbit–geostationary equatorial orbit link is adjusted according to the outcome of out-of-band proactive sensing scheme, performed by a cognitive radio module in the geostationary equatorial orbit satellite. On the basis of sensing results, new frequency assignments are made for the upcoming slots, taking into account the transmit powers, achievable rates, and overhead of modifying the FH sequences. In addition, we ensure that all satellite links are assigned channels such that their minimum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio requirements are met, if such an assignment is possible. We formulate two multi-objective optimization problems: DFH-Power and DFH-Rate. Discrete-time Markov chain analysis is used to predict future channel conditions, where the number of states are inferred using k-means clustering, and the state transition probabilities are computed using maximum likelihood estimation. Finally, simulation results are presented to evaluate the effects of different system parameters on the performance of the proposed designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-331
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Markov models
  • cognitive radio
  • dynamic frequency hopping
  • maximum likelihood estimation
  • out-of-band sensing
  • satellite communications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Media Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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