Adapt-NoC: A Flexible Network-on-Chip Design for Heterogeneous Manycore Architectures

Hao Zheng, Ke Wang, Ahmed Louri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

29 Scopus citations


The increased computational capability in heterogeneous manycore architectures facilitates the concurrent execution of many applications. This requires, among other things, a flexible, high-performance, and energy-efficient communication fabric capable of handling a variety of traffic patterns needed for running multiple applications at the same time. Such stringent requirements are posing a major challenge for current Network-on-Chips (NoCs) design. In this paper, we propose Adapt-NoC, a flexible NoC architecture, along with a reinforcement learning (RL)-based control policy, that can provide efficient communication support for concurrent application execution. Adapt-NoC can dynamically allocate several disjoint regions of the NoC, called subNoCs, with different sizes and locations for the concurrently running applications. Each of the dynamically-Allocated subNoCs is capable of adapting to a given topology such as a mesh, cmesh, torus, or tree thus tailoring the topology to satisfy application's needs in terms of performance and power consumption. Moreover, we explore the use of RL to design an efficient control policy which optimizes the subNoC topology selection for a given application. As such, Adapt-NoC can not only provide several topology choices for concurrently running applications, but can also optimize the selection of the most suitable topology for a given application with the aim of improving performance and energy efficiency. We evaluate Adapt-NoC using both GPU and CPU benchmark suites. Simulation results show that the proposed Adapt-NoC can achieve up to 34% latency reduction, 10% overall execution time reduction and 53% NoC energy-efficiency improvement when compared to prior work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceeding - 27th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture, HPCA 2021
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780738123370
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Event27th Annual IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture, HPCA 2021 - Virtual, Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Feb 27 2021Mar 1 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture
ISSN (Print)1530-0897


Conference27th Annual IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture, HPCA 2021
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityVirtual, Seoul


  • Flexible NoC Designs
  • Network-on-Chips (NoCs)
  • Reconfigurable Topology
  • Reinforcement Learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture


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