Activation of Piezo1 Increases Na,K-ATPase-Mediated Ion Transport in Mouse Lens

Mohammad Shahidullah, Joaquin Lopez Rosales, Nicholas Delamere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Lens ion homeostasis depends on Na,K-ATPase and NKCC1. TRPV4 and TRPV1 channels, which are mechanosensitive, play important roles in mechanisms that regulate the activity of these transporters. Here, we examined another mechanosensitive channel, piezo1, which is also expressed in the lens. The purpose of the study was to examine piezo1 function. Recognizing that activation of TRPV4 and TRPV1 causes changes in lens ion transport mechanisms, we carried out studies to determine whether piezo1 activation changes either Na,K-ATPase-mediated or NKCC1-mediated ion transport. We also examined channel function of piezo1 by measuring calcium entry. Rb uptake was measured as an index of inwardly directed potassium transport by intact mouse lenses. Intracellular calcium concentration was measured in Fura-2 loaded cells by a ratiometric imaging technique. Piezo1 immunolocalization was most evident in the lens epithelium. Potassium (Rb) uptake was increased in intact lenses as well as in cultured lens epithelium exposed to Yoda1, a piezo1 agonist. The majority of Rb uptake is Na,K-ATPase-dependent, although there also is a significant NKCC-dependent component. In the presence of ouabain, an Na,K-ATPase inhibitor, Yoda1 did not increase Rb uptake. In contrast, Yoda1 increased Rb uptake to a similar degree in the presence or absence of 1 µM bumetanide, an NKCC inhibitor. The Rb uptake response to Yoda1 was inhibited by the selective piezo1 antagonist GsMTx4, and also by the nonselective antagonists ruthenium red and gadolinium. In parallel studies, Yoda1 was observed to increase cytoplasmic calcium concentration in cells loaded with Fura-2. The calcium response to Yoda1 was abolished by gadolinium or ruthenium red. The calcium and Rb uptake responses to Yoda1 were absent in calcium-free bathing solution, consistent with calcium entry when piezo1 is activated. Taken together, these findings point to stimulation of Na,K-ATPase, but not NKCC, when piezo1 is activated. Na,K-ATPase is the principal mechanism responsible for ion and water homeostasis in the lens. The functional role of lens piezo1 is a topic for further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12870
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • Na,K-ATPase activity
  • calcium
  • lens epithelium
  • piezo1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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