Action models

Gary W. King, Clayton T. Morrison, Paul R. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Building military simulations requires bridging the gap between the knowledge of commanders and computer representations of that knowledge. A significant part of this knowledge concerns military tasks, their interactions, and an understanding of how to grade their achievement. Action Models describe the complex spatial and temporal dynamics of goal directed tasks with a graphical notation. Commanders can understand the notation and Knowledge Engineers can convert it into declarative or procedural forms. The conversion makes possible automated After Action reviews of plans writen in terms of these tasks (Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) 1993). We describe Action Models, their conversion into Tapir, a declarative executable action language, and their use in the DARPA Rapid Knowledge Formation (RKF) Program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)944-951
Number of pages8
JournalWinter Simulation Conference Proceedings
StatePublished - 2003
EventProceedings of the 2003 Winter Simulation Conference: Driving Innovation - New Orleans, LA, United States
Duration: Dec 7 2003Dec 10 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Applied Mathematics


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