The myocardial uptake of 15-(p-iodophenyl)-6-tellura-pentadecanoic acid (TPDA) was studied in dogs during coronary occlusion and after reperfusion. In eight dogs with a 3 hour occlusion (Group A) with (n = 5) and without (n = 3) 30 minutes of reperfusion, iodine-125 TPDA uptake correlated well with microsphere myocardial blood flow over a wide range of flow levels (n = 111, r - 0.94). In six dogs with a 20 minute occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery and 1 hour of reperfusion (Group B), iodine-125 TPDA uptake correlated equally well with myocardial blood flow (n = 37, r = 0.90). There was no difference between the slopes of regression lines for Groups A and B, indicating no release from the myocardium of radioiodinated TPDA. Dual radiolabeling of TPDA was employed in five Group A animals by intravenous injection of iodine-125 TPDA during coronary occlusion and iodine-131 TPDA after reperfusion. In 63 myocardial samples, microsphere re-perfusion flow and iodine-131 TPDA uptake were closely correlated (r = 0.91). As with monovalent cations, at myocardial flows higher than control flows, iodine-131 TPDA uptake was flow-limited. It is concluded that: 1) radioiodinated TPDA accurately reveals severely ischemic areas of myocardium without myocardial release of the radionuclide in coronary occlusions lasting 20 to 180 minutes and followed by reperfusion, and 2) double radiolabeled TPDA allows assessment of both occlusion and reperfusion flows. This compound may find an application in the measurement of infarct size and the evaluation of interventional therapies in acute myocardial infarction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine