ABYSS. II. Identification of Young Stars in Optical SDSS Spectra and Their Properties

Serat Saad, Kaitlyn Lane, Marina Kounkel, Keivan G. Stassun, Ricardo López-Valdivia, Jinyoung Serena Kim, Karla Peña Ramírez, Guy S. Stringfellow, Carlos G. Román-Zúñiga, Jesús Hernández, Scott J. Wolk, Lynne A. Hillenbrand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We developed a tool that measures equivalent widths of various lines in low-resolution optical spectra, and it was applied to stellar spectra obtained as part of SDSS-V and LAMOST programs. These lines, such as Li i, which directly indicates stellar youth, or optical H i and Ca ii, which in emission indicate activity associated with stellar youth, are commonly seen in YSOs. We observe several notable differences in the properties of these lines between YSOs and the field stars. Using these data, we devise a set of criteria through which it is possible to confirm the youth of stars that have been observed by the ABYSS program, as well as to identify likely young stars that have serendipitously been observed by other programs. We examine the decrement of H lines seen in emission in CTTSs, and estimate the properties of the accretion stream that is responsible for the production of these lines. Finally, we examine the evolution of Li i as a function of age, and characterize the scatter in its abundance that appears to be intrinsic in young M dwarfs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume167
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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