Disagreement affords humans as members of epistemic communities important opportunities for refining or improving their epistemic situations with respect to many of their beliefs. To get such epistemic gains, one needs to explore and gauge one's own epistemic situation and the epistemic situations of others. Accordingly, a fitting response to disagreement regarding some matter, p, typically will turn on the resolution of two strongly interrelated questions: (1) whether p, and (2) why one's interlocutor disagrees with oneself about p. When one has high intellectual respect for one's interlocutor, answering question (2) involves arriving at a sympathetic explanatory understanding of the interlocutor's own epistemic attitude toward p. Sorting out (2) is an abductive matter. Further, so far as the abductive explanation conditions one's epistemic take regarding (1), there will be an abductive character to one's epistemic position with respect to whether p-even where one's initial purchase on whether p was not an abductive matter. We explain here how this can be managed naturally and tractably.
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