A two-dimensional tire model on uneven roads for vehicle dynamic simulation

Seongho Kim, Parviz E. Nikravesh, Gwanghun Gim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


This study proposes a comprehensive analytical tire model for handling and ride comfort in low frequency ranges. A contact algorithm that is developed in this study provides a two-dimensional contact pressure distribution on even and uneven road surfaces with reasonable computational cost. Shear stresses and strains during cornering and braking are estimated by direct measurement of tread deformations. The model is validated against experimental force and moment data for general handling simulations. Cleat tests are also conducted and validated under different forward velocity and vertical load conditions for a tire vibration study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)913-930
Number of pages18
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2008


  • Cleat
  • Flexible ring
  • Rigid ring
  • Tire model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanical Engineering


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