A supply-demand model of party-system institutionalization: The russian case

Richard Rose, William Mishler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


An accountable democracy requires institutionalized parties. A supply-demand model hypothesizes that institutionalization is a function of four sets of influences: stability in election law, persisting commitments to parties by political elites and by voters, and learning by elites and by voters. The hypotheses are tested with aggregate data from nine nationwide elections in Russia since 1993, in which institutionalization and its complement, volatility, are decomposed. Survey data from the 2007-8 round of Russian elections is then used to test the extent of institutionalization through party identification. Logit analysis shows that the high level of support for President Putin's new party, United Russia, is based on temporary rather than durable influences. The political elite's volatile supply of parties has created a 'floating' party system and a delegative democracy with implications for new democracies on other continents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-821
Number of pages21
JournalParty Politics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2010


  • Russia
  • United Russia
  • party identification
  • party system institutionalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science


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