A space-time representation of a massive, relativistic, spin zero particle

Richard W. Ziolkowski, Amr M. Shaarawi, Ioannis M. Besieris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Novel solutions of the wave and the Klein-Gordon equations are discussed. In contrast to conventional plane wave representations, these classical macro-photons and macro-particles are constructed from basis functions that are more localized in space-time. These solutions can be designed to give directed, localized transmission of energy. They also exhibit properties which may reconcile contemporary ideas of photon localization and causality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-258
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Physics B (Proceedings Supplements)
Issue numberC
StatePublished - Mar 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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