A simple technique for predicting high-redshift galaxy evolution

Peter S. Behroozi, Joseph Silk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

We show that the ratio of galaxies' specific star formation rates (SSFRs) to their host halos' specific mass accretion rates (SMARs) strongly constrains how the galaxies' stellar masses, SSFRs, and host halo masses evolve over cosmic time. This evolutionary constraint provides a simple way to probe z > 8 galaxy populations without direct observations. Tests of the method with galaxy properties at z = 4 successfully reproduce the known evolution of the stellar mass-halo mass (SMHM) relation, galaxy SSFRs, and the cosmic star formation rate (CSFR) for 5 < z < 8. We then predict the continued evolution of these properties for 8 < z < 15. In contrast to the nonevolution in the SMHM relation at z < 4, the median galaxy mass at fixed halo mass increases strongly at z > 4. We show that this result is closely linked to the flattening in galaxy SSFRs at z > 2 compared to halo SMARs; we expect that average galaxy SSFRs at fixed stellar mass will continue their mild evolution to z ∼ 15. The expected CSFR shows no breaks or features at z > 8.5; this constrains both reionization and the possibility of a steep falloff in the CSFR at z = 9-10. Finally, we make predictions for stellar mass and luminosity functions for the James Webb Space Telescope, which should be able to observe one galaxy with M∗ ≳ 108 M per 103 Mpc3 at z = 9.6 and one such galaxy per 104 Mpc3 at z = 15.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number32
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume799
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abundances - Galaxies
  • Dark matter - Galaxies
  • Evolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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