A prototype frame for accurate stereotactic localization and linear accelerator (LINAC)-based treatment of extracranial targets was developed. The ECRSF is designed to employ either spinal or skeletal osseous fixation to immobilize the area of interest and then encircle the targeted region with a traditional orthogonal, three-axis system. A series of experiments (n = 5) with semi-radiolucent calibration targets (n = 15) and computed tomography (CT) scanning using the EC showed that a mean localization error of 0.98 +/- 0.22 mm was obtainable in the last two and most accurate series of experiments with these targets (n = 8). Using the LINAC to irradiate these same targets demonstrated an overall radiation treatment accuracy ranging from 1.4 to 2.0 mm. This discrepancy between localization error and overall radiation treatment error can be explained by a lack of isocentricity of the LINAC treatment which is typically less than 1 mm and can be as low as 0.5 mm. These data demonstrate that extracranial stereotactic radiosurgery is now technically feasible and that the accuracy of such treatment would be acceptable for clinical treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology