A portable immunosensor provides sensitive and rapid detection of Borrelia burgdorferi antigen in spiked blood

Sangsik Kim, Kamalika Samanta, Brandon T. Nguyen, Samantha Mata-Robles, Luciana Richer, Jeong Yeol Yoon, Maria Gomes-Solecki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There are no assays for detecting B. burgdorferi antigen in blood of infected Lyme disease individuals. Here, we provide proof-of-principle evidence that we can quantify B. burgdorferi antigen in spiked blood using a portable smartphone-based fluorescence microscope that measures immunoagglutination on a paper microfluidic chip. We targeted B. burgdorferi OspA to develop a working prototype and added examples of two antigens (OspC and VlsE) that have diagnostic value for discrimination of Lyme disease stage. Using an extensively validated monoclonal antibody to OspA (LA-2), detection of OspA antigen had a broad linear range up to 100 pg/mL in 1% blood and the limit of detection (LOD) was 100 fg/mL (= 10 pg/mL in undiluted blood), which was 1000 times lower than our target of 10 ng/mL. Analysis of the two other targets was done using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. OspC antigen was detected at LOD 100 pg/mL (= 10 ng/mL of undiluted blood) and VlsE antigen was detected at LOD 1–10 pg/mL (= 0.1–1 ng/mL of undiluted blood). The method is accurate and was performed in 20 min from sample to answer. When optimized for detecting several B. burgdorferi antigens, this assay may differentiate active from past infections and facilitate diagnosis of Lyme disease in the initial weeks of infection, when antibody presence is typically below the threshold to be detected by serologic methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7546
JournalScientific reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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