Mixed Müllerian tumors (MMT) of the uterus are aggressive entities that result in a very poor prognosis even for patients in whom the disease is limited to the uterus. This phase II trial was undertaken in an attempt to improve overall survival as well as progression-free survival of these patients. Forty-two consecutive patients were treated with a combination chemotherapy containing etoposide 100 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 2, cisplatin 50 mg/m2 on Day 1, and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 on Day 1, repeated every 28 days. There were 23 patients with early-stage disease (stages I and II) and 19 patients with advanced (stages III and IV) or recurrent disease. In the early-stage group, the number of cycles ranged from 2 to 9 (5.2 ± 1.9). The mediaz`n follow-up was 32 months (range 11-93). There were five recurrences: three patients died of disease at 11, 36, and 51 months, and two patients are still alive with disease at 12 and 19 months. Two-year overall survival was 92%. In the advanced disease group, the number of cycles ranged from 1 to 11 (5.9 ± 2.4). The median follow-up for this group was 20 months (range 5-62). The median overall survival was 18 months. Two-year overall survival was 33%. Two-year progression-free survival was 20%. Four patients were evaluable for response. There were two complete responses (duration 15-33 months) and two partial responses (duration 6-10 months). The responders were patients whose adenocarcinoma component was of the papillary serous (UPSC) variety. The chemotherapy combination appears to be highly active in early-stage disease. In the advanced uterine MMT it has moderate activity, especially when associated with the UPSC component.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology