A Phase-2 Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial of INOpulse in Patients with Fibrotic Interstitial Lung Disease Requiring Oxygen

Christopher S. King, Kevin R. Flaherty, Marilyn K. Glassberg, Lisa Lancaster, Ganesh Raghu, Jeffrey J. Swigris, Rahul G. Argula, Rosemarie A. Dudenhofer, Neil A. Ettinger, Jeremy Feldman, Shilpa Johri, Peter Fernandes, Ed Parsley, Parag S. Shah, Steven D. Nathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Patients with fibrotic interstitial lung disease often progress to the point of requiring supplemental oxygen. This is invariably accompanied by an impaired quality of life and limitations on activities of daily living. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the improvement in physical activity in patients with interstitial lung disease requiring supplemental oxygen treated with pulsed inhaled nitric oxide via INOpulse (Bellerophon Therapeutics). In addition, it sought to explore the safety and clinical benefits of INOpulse on multiple patient-reported outcomes. Methods: Ambulatory patients with fibrotic lung disease on supplemental oxygen were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to inhaled nitric oxide at 45 μg/kg ideal body weight/h (iNO45) or placebo for 4 months (3 months after baseline) of blinded treatment. The study assessed multiple exploratory efficacy endpoints, including moderate to vigorous physical activity as measured by actigraphy and patient-reported outcomes using the University of California San Diego shortness of breath questionnaire and the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Results: A total of 44 patients (30 iNO45 and 14 placebo) were enrolled. A placebo-corrected clinical benefit of 12.3 min/d increase in MVPA was observed in the iNO45 group. Clinically meaningful beneficial trends were observed for the University of California San Diego shortness of breath questionnaire (6.05 points) and the SGRQ total (3.75) scores, as well as the SGRQ activity (5.84), and SGRQ impact (6.30) domains. Conclusions: INOpulse was well tolerated and associated with maintenance of physical activity and improved symptomatology in patients with interstitial lung disease who require supplemental oxygen. Further validation of this beneficial effect warrants further study in a phase-3 trial that is currently underway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-602
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of the American Thoracic Society
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • interstitial lung disease
  • nitric oxide
  • pulmonary fibrosis
  • pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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