A novel trap mitigation mechanism using molecular additives, which relieves a characteristic early turn-on voltage in a high-mobility p-type acene-based small-molecule organic semiconductor, when processed from hydrous solvents, is reported. The early turn-on voltage is attributed to photo-induced trapping, and additive incorporation is found to be very effective in suppressing this effect. Remarkably, the molecular additive does not disturb the charge transport properties of the small-molecule semiconductor, but rather intercalates in the crystal structure. This novel technique allows for the solution-processing of small molecular semiconductors from hydrous solvents, greatly simplifying manufacturing processes for large-area electronics. Along with various electric and spectroscopic characterization techniques, simulations have given a deeper insight into the trap mitigation effect induced by the additive.
- electron trapping
- light stability
- operational stability
- organic field-effect transistors
- organic semiconductors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials