A new model for providing prehospital medical care in large stadiums

Daniel W. Spaite, Elizabeth A. Criss, Terence D. Valenzuela, Harvey W. Meislin, Roger Smith, Allie Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


To determine proper priorities for the provision of health care in large stadiums, we studied the medical incident patterns occurring in a major college facility and combined this with previously reported information from four other large stadiums. Medical incidents were an uncommon occurrence (1.20 to 5.23 per 10,000 people) with true medical emergencies being even more unusual (0.09 to 0.31 per 10,000 people). Cardiac arrest was rare (0.01 to 0.04 events per 10,000 people). However, the rates of successful resuscitation in three studies were 85% or higher. The previous studies were descriptive in nature and failed to provide specific recommendations for medical aid system configuration or response times. A model is proposed to provide rapid response of advanced life support care to victims of cardiac arrest. We believe that the use of this model in large stadiums throughout the United States could save as many as 100 lives during each football season.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-828
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of emergency medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1988


  • prehospital care, large-scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'A new model for providing prehospital medical care in large stadiums'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this