A mouse model combining liver-specific deletion with global suppression of the NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase gene (Cpr) has been developed and characterized. These mice (designated "Cpr-low and liver-Cpr-null" or CL-LCN) retain the respective phenotypes of the previously reported Cpr-low (CL) and liver-Cpr-null (LCN) mouse strains, but hepatic deletion of the Cpr gene occurs at an earlier age in the CL-LCN mouse than in the LCN mouse. Residual hepatic microsomal CPR activities are very low in both CL-LCN and LCN mice (at 1.5 and 2.5% of wild-type levels, respectively). The utility of CL-LCN mice for in vivo drug metabolism studies was explored using the cytochrome P450 (P450) prodrug cyclophosphamide (CPA). After i.p. injection of CPA at 100 mg/kg, the t1/2 and the area under the concentration-time curve for plasma CPA were significantly increased in mice deficient in liver CPR compared with wild-type controls, indicating a lower rate of metabolism, with the effects greater in CL-LCN mice than in LCN mice. Correspondingly, substantial decreases in Cmax, and increases in Tmax, and t1/2, of 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-OH-CPA) formation were observed in both LCN and CL-LCN mice relative to wild-type controls. In contrast, CPA and 4-OH-CPA pharmacokinetic parameters were essentially unchanged in CL mice, relative to wild-type controls. The slower elimination of CPA in CL-LCN mice compared with LCN mice suggests a role for extrahepatic P450 in the in vivo metabolism of CPA and demonstrates the utility of the CL-LCN model in determining the role of extrahepatic P450 enzymes in drug metabolism and chemical toxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Apr 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine