We introduce a method for constructing solutions of homogeneous partial differential equations. This method can be used to construct the usual, well-known, separable solutions of the wave equation, but it also easily gives the non-separable localized wave solutions. These solutions exhibit a degree of focusing about the propagation axis that is dependent on a free parameter, and have many important potential applications. The method is based on constructing the space-time Fourier transform of a function so that it satisfies the transformed partial differential equation. We also apply the method to construct localized wave solutions of the wave equation in a lossy infinite medium, and of the Klein-Gordon equation. The localized wave solutions of these three equations differ somewhat, and we discuss these differences. A discussion of the properties of the localized waves, and of experiments to launch them, is included in the Appendix.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
|Published - 1992
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Mathematics
- General Engineering
- General Physics and Astronomy