A metaheuristic approach to the reliable location routing problem under disruptions

Ying Zhang, Mingyao Qi, Wei Hua Lin, Lixin Miao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


This paper examines a reliable capacitated location-routing problem in which depots are randomly disrupted. Customers whose depots fail must be reinserted into the routes of surviving depots. We present a scenario-based mixed-integer programming model to optimize depot location, outbound delivery routing, and backup plans. We design a metaheuristic algorithm that is based on a maximum-likelihood sampling method, route-reallocation improvement, two-stage neighborhood search and simulated annealing. Numerical tests show that the heuristic is able to generate results that would keep operating costs and failure costs well balanced. Managerial insights on scenario identification, facility deployment and model simplification are drawn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-110
Number of pages21
JournalTransportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015


  • Facility disruptions
  • Location-routing problem
  • Reliability design
  • Simulated annealing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation


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