A metabolic comparison of a pure long-chain triglyceride lipid emulsion (LCT) and various medium-chain triglyceride (MCT)-LCT combination emulsions in dogs

R. Cotter, C. A. Taylor, R. Johnson, W. B. Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two 20% lipid emulsions containing mixtures of long-(LCT) and medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) were compared with a 20% LCT lipid emulsion. Beagles were infused with emulsions containing either 100% LCT, 75% LCT-25% MCT, or 50% LCT-50% MCT. The emulsions were part of a total parenteral nutrition (TPN) regimen that included 10% dextrose and 5.5% amino acids. Basic nutritional parameters as well as elimination kinetics were monitored. Plasma linoleic acid, ketone, lactate, pyruvate, insulin, glucose, and carnitine were analyzed. The 75% LCT-25% MCT emulsion offers little advantage over 100% LCT as a metabolic substrate. The 50% LCT-50% MCT combination proved to be a potentially better caloric source due to rapid elimination kinetics, increased ketone production, lack of deposition, and no interference with linoleic acid metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)927-939
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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