A meta-analysis to determine the impact of restaurant menu labeling on calories and nutrients (Ordered or consumed) in U.S. adults

Thaisa M. Cantu-Jungles, Lacey A. McCormack, James E. Slaven, Maribeth Slebodnik, Heather A. Eicher-Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

A systematic review and meta-analysis determined the effect of restaurant menu labeling on calories and nutrients chosen in laboratory and away-from-home settings in U.S. adults. Cochrane-based criteria adherent, peer-reviewed study designs conducted and published in the English language from 1950 to 2014 were collected in 2015, analyzed in 2016, and used to evaluate the effect of nutrition labeling on calories and nutrients ordered or consumed. Before and after menu labeling outcomes were used to determine weighted mean differences in calories, saturated fat, total fat, carbohydrate, and sodium ordered/consumed which were pooled across studies using random effects modeling. Stratified analysis for laboratory and away-from-home settings were also completed. Menu labeling resulted in no significant change in reported calories ordered/consumed in studies with full criteria adherence, nor the 14 studies analyzed with ≤1 unmet criteria, nor for change in total ordered carbohydrate, fat, and saturated fat (three studies) or ordered or consumed sodium (four studies). A significant reduction of 115.2 calories ordered/consumed in laboratory settings was determined when analyses were stratified by study setting. Menu labeling away-from-home did not result in change in quantity or quality, specifically for carbohydrates, total fat, saturated fat, or sodium, of calories consumed among U.S. adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1088
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Calories
  • Energy
  • Food labeling
  • Menu labeling
  • Meta-analysis
  • Nutrients
  • Nutritional labeling
  • Point-of-purchase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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