A meshless grain element for micromechanical analysis with crystal plasticity

A. Barut, I. Guven, E. Madenci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study concerns the development of a 2-D meshless grain element for elasto-plastic deformation and intergranular damage initiation and propagation in polycrystalline fcc metals under static loading. The crystallographic material behaviour of the grains is represented by a rate-independent single-crystal plasticity model while including material orthotropy. The two slip planes are arbitrarily located with respect to the crystallographic axis of the grain. A non-linear constitutive model known as the cohesive zone model is employed to represent the inelastic interaction between the grain boundaries, thus permitting grain boundary opening and sliding. The cohesive model describes the deformation characteristics of the grain boundaries through a non-linear relation between the effective grain boundary tractions and displacements. Because of the presence of non-linear material behaviour both inside the grain and along the cohesive grain boundaries, the method utilizes the principle of virtual work in conjunction with the meshless formulation in the derivation of the system of non-linear incremental equilibrium equations. The solution is obtained via an incremental procedure based on the Taylor series expansion about the current equilibrium configuration. The fidelity of the present approach is verified by considering simple polycrystalline metals of only a few grains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-65
Number of pages49
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2 2006


  • Crystal plasticity
  • Grain element
  • Meshless finite element

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • General Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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