Thirty-two patients with invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva (SCC) undergoing radical vulvectomy or radical local excision with bilateral superficial groin node dissection using a triple incision technique (TI) were matched for new FIGO stage, lymph node status, size of lesion, and site of lesion with patients with SCC undergoing traditional radical vulvectomy with en bloc bilateral groin (but not pelvic) node dissection using a single incision (SI) technique. Average operative time (134 min:191 min), blood loss (424 ml:733 ml), and hospital stay (9.7 days:17.2 days) were significantly less in the TI group. After SI 6/32 (19%) patients and after TI 1 32 (3%) patients experienced complete breakdown of the groin wounds. There was no significant difference in overall survival (P = 0.56) or disease-free survival (P = 0.53) between the two groups. There was no significant difference in survival between the two groups by lesion size or by FIGO (1989) stage. Disease recurred in six patients after SI compared with seven after TI (P = 0.75). There were no skin bridge recurrences in the TI group. Two patients in each group had isolated vulvar recurrences and all four were successfully treated by local excision. These data indicate that outcome following TI surgery is essentially equal to that of SI in early-stage disease but major morbidity is much reduced.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology