A map of OMC-1 in CO J = 9→8

Daniel P. Marrone, James Battat, Frank Bensch, Raymond Blundell, Marcos Diaz, Hugh Gibson, Todd Hunter, Denis Meledin, Scott Paine, D. Cosmo Papa, Simon Radford, Michael Smith, Edward Tong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The distribution of 12C16O J = 9 → 8 (1.037 THz) emission has been mapped in OMC-1 at 35 points with. 84″ resolution. This is the first map of this source in this transition and only the second velocity-resolved ground-based observation of a line in the THz frequency band. There is emission present at all points in the map, a region roughly 4′×6′ in size, with peak antenna temperature dropping only near the edges. Away from the Orion KL outflow, the velocity structure suggests that most of the emission comes from the OMC-1 photon-dominated region, with a typical line width of 3-6 km s-1. Large velocity gradient modeling of the emission in J = 9 → 8 and six lower transitions suggests that the lines originate in regions with temperatures around 120 K and densities of at least 103.5 cm-3 near θ1 C Ori and at the Orion bar, and from 70 K gas at around 104 cm-3 southeast and west of the bar. These observations are among the first made with the 0.8 m Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Receiver Lab Telescope, a new instrument designed to observe at frequencies above 1 THz from an extremely high and dry site in northern Chile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)940-945
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - Sep 10 2004


  • ISM: clouds
  • ISM: individual (OMC-1, Orion Bar, Orion Kleinmann-Low)
  • ISM: molecules
  • Radio lines: ISM
  • Submilliineter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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