Here we report for the first time a laboratory challenge model for Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) to determine the difference of two Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) lines of Penaeus vannamei shrimp. These lines were experimentally challenged using EHP-infected fecal strings as inoculum. Real-time PCR and histopathology assays were performed to confirm EHP infection and evaluate differences in EHP susceptibility in the two genetic lines screened. Although the histopathology of the hepatopancreas tissue showed EHP lesions in both challenged groups, the histological lesions were more pronounced in one of the SPF lines. Quantitative PCR results revealed that animals displaying less hepatocellular damage have lower EHP load compared to animals displaying more pronounced pathological changes. There was no significant difference in final survival at 36 days post-infection in these lines with survival ranging between 80 and 100%. The data showed that mortality as an endpoint metric is not a suitable parameter to determine genetic susceptibility to EHP. Instead, histopathological changes in hepatopancreas, EHP load of the same tissue, and growth retardation would be better metrics to screen EHP susceptibility in P. vannamei. The results show the feasibility of screening genetic lines of P. vannamei for EHP resistance/tolerance using fecal string as an inoculum and, assessing histopathological changes, EHP load, and weight as indicators of resistance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Invertebrate Pathology|
|State||Published - Feb 2023|
- Experimental infection
- Penaeus vannamei
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics