A genetic-epidemiologic study of human immune responsiveness to allergens in an industrial population II. The associations among skin sensitivity, total serum IgE, age, sex, and the reporting of allergies in a stratified random sample

Linda R. Freidhoff, Deborah A. Meyers, David G. Marsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have quantitated puncture skin test responses to six standardized, high-quality, inhalant allergen extracts and histamine in 320 adults-a stratified random sample, equally distributed between the sexes and among all decades between 20 and 60 yr. Both the sensitivity of each subject toward histamine and his "average" IgE-mediated skin sensitivity to the entire panel of allergens (Allergy Index) were calculated. Allergy Index and Log [total serum IgE] values were weakly, but significantly, correlated (r = 0.453t p < 0.001). Although both sexes reported similar prevalence rates of "allergy," we found that skin test positivity, Allergy Index, Histamine Index, and log [total serum IgE] were significantly higher ( p ≤ 0.004) for the total population of male adults versus female adults. Skin test positivity, the Allergy Index, and log [total serum IgE] values demonstrated a tendency to decrease between 20 and 60 yr of age. Furthermore, log, age, and sex, respectively, were important predictors of the allergic state (Allergy Index) of an individual. Lastly, in various subgroups of our population, we found only weak correlations between the subjects' perceptions of their allergic status and both the Allergy Index and log [total serum IgE].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-499
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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