A generalized analytical solution of groundwater head response to dual tide in a multi-layered island leaky aquifer system

Zhi Xue Zhao, Yonghong Hao, Tongke Wang, Tian Chyi Jim Yeh, Ming Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The hydraulic properties of coastal aquifer systems are relevant to various hydrogeological, hydro-ecological and engineering problems. This study presents an analytical solution for predicting groundwater head fluctuations induced by dual-tide in multi-layered island aquifer systems, consisting of an unconfined aquifer on the top and any number of leaky aquifers below. The solution was derived via the methods of matrix differential calculus and separation of variables. It is more general than any existing analytical solutions for the tidal pressure propagation since the new solution can consider multi-layered aquifer systems along with the effects of leakage and aquifer length. Using this solution, we illustrated potential errors that may occur due to neglecting one or more vital factors affecting groundwater fluctuations. Besides, we articulated the groundwater response to the dual-tide in complex coastal aquifers. Considering that some thin semipermeable layers may be ignored in practical field investigation, we also demonstrated the effects due to simplification of aquifer layers. The results showed that with the increase in the number of overlapped leaky layers, the tidal propagation in the bottom part of multi-layered aquifer system approaches that in a single confined aquifer with the same transmissivity and storage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14548
JournalHydrological Processes
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • dual tide
  • groundwater
  • island aquifer
  • leakage
  • multilayer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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