A Gateway® recombination herpesvirus cloning system with negative selection that produces vectorless progeny

Dusan Kunec, Sandra van Haren, Shane C. Burgess, Larry A. Hanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Crossover recombination based on the lambda phage integration/excision functions enables insertion of a gene of interest into a specific locus by a simple one-step in vitro recombination reaction. Recently, a highly efficient recombination system for targeted mutagenesis, which utilizes lambda phage crossover recombination cloning, has been described for a human herpesvirus 2 bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC). The disadvantages of the system are that it allows only neutral selection (loss of green fluorescent protein) of desired recombinants and that it regenerates herpesvirus progeny containing the BAC sequence inserted in the herpesvirus genome. In this study, the existing channel catfish herpesvirus (CCV) infectious clone (in the form of overlapping fragments) was modified to allow introduction of foreign genes by modified lambda phage crossover recombination cloning. This novel system enables negative and neutral selection and regenerates vectorless herpesvirus progeny. Construction of two CCV mutants expressing lacZ, one from the native CCV ORF5 promoter and the other from the immediate-early cytomegalovirus promoter, demonstrated the efficiency and reliability of this system. This novel cloning system enables rapid incorporation, direct delivery and high-level expression of foreign genes by a herpesvirus. This system has broad utility and could be used to facilitate development of recombinant viruses, viral vectors and better vaccines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-86
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009


  • Gateway cloning
  • Herpesvirus
  • In vitro recombination
  • Infectious clone
  • Lambda phage integration/excision functions
  • Vaccine development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology


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