A field-scale evaluation of a multi-species water quality and hydraulic model

Matthew T. Alexander, Dominic L. Boccelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Drinking water distribution system network models have become a powerful tool in the drinking water industry for simulating both hydraulic and water quality conditions of a water distribution system. This study provides the first comprehensive evaluation of a multi-species chloramine model through the use of field-scale measurements and distribution system network modeling. In particular, this study was focused on evaluating existing, bench-scale water quality models associated with chloramine decay, by-product formation, and nitrification at the field-scale. The hydraulic and multi-species water quality simulations were performed using EPANET-MSX. The results of the field-scale study and modeling assessment were used to identify potential "knowledge gaps" that exist in current advanced water quality models and provide motivation for future improvements associated with distribution system water quality modeling. Results indicated that EPANET-MSX is capable of representing complex water quality dynamics and network hydraulics throughout the distribution system, but further improvements can likely be made to improve the underlying model accuracy. Inconsistencies between modeled and observed results may be attributed to the following factors that were not considered: temporal variability in the influent water quality concentrations, interaction between biological and chemical species (nitrification), reactions between the bulk fluid and pipe wall, and accurate representation of spatial distribution and stochastic consumer demands. These "knowledge gaps" should be considered in future modeling efforts to improved the performance of multi-species water quality modeling. 2010

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWater Quality Technology Conference and Exposition 2010
Pages1858-1873
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventWater Quality Technology Conference and Exposition 2010 - Savannah, GA, United States
Duration: Nov 14 2010Nov 18 2010

Publication series

NameWater Quality Technology Conference and Exposition 2010

Other

OtherWater Quality Technology Conference and Exposition 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySavannah, GA
Period11/14/1011/18/10

Keywords

  • Chloramine
  • EPANET-MSX
  • Field study
  • NDMA
  • Water quality model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Water Science and Technology

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