A dietary assessment tool to estimate arsenic and cadmium exposures from locally grown foods

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6 Scopus citations


Certain food products have been shown to accumulate arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) making it critical to monitor individual’s intake, particularly when they live near sources of environmental contamination. After a literature review, a novel dietary assessment was conducted to estimate a child’s potential exposure to these metal(loid)s via consumption of locally grown foods in communities impacted by active or legacy resource extraction activities. Mean ingestion rates of As- and Cd-translocating crops belonging to the Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caricaceae, Amaranthaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Liliaceae, Solanaceae, Apiaceae, and Fabaceae plant families were calculated for children: 1 to < 2 years, 2 to < 3 years, and 3 to < 6 years of age. These calculated ingestion rates ranged from 0 to 143,571 mg day−1. Farmer–consumer relationship was the leading motivation for buying locally grown foods, while lack of experience/unfamiliarity was the most frequently reported reason for not buying locally. The median percentages of child’s yearly consumption of fruits and vegetables originating from stores (conventionally grown) and from local sources (farmer’s market) were 48% and 38%, respectively. Tomato was the crop with the highest intake rate among children 1 to < 2 years and 2 to < 3 years of age and broccoli for children 3 to < 6 years of age. It was concluded that families who are reliant on locally grown food products may be disproportionately exposed to As and Cd, which could cause detrimental health effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2121-2135
Number of pages15
JournalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • Arsenic
  • Cadmium
  • Dietary assessment
  • Environmental exposure assessment
  • Food frequency questionnaire
  • Homegrown produce

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • General Environmental Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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