The molecular mechanisms that regulate membrane targeting/fusion during platelet granule secretion are not yet understood. N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein (NSF), soluble NSF attachment proteins (SNAPs), and SNAREs (SNAP receptors) are elements of a conserved molecular machinery for membrane targeting/fusion that have been detected in platelets. We examined whether NSF, an ATPase that has been shown to play a critical role in membrane targeting/fusion in many cell types, is necessary for platelet granule secretion. Peptides that mimic NSF sequence motifs inhibited both α-granule and dense-granule secretion in permeabilized human platelets. This inhibitory effect was sequence-specific, because neither proteinase K-digested peptides nor peptides containing similar amino acids in a scrambled sequence inhibited platelet secretion. The peptides that inhibited platelet granule secretion also inhibited the human recombinant α-SNAP-stimulated ATPase activity of recombinant NSF. It was also found that anti-NSF antibodies, which inhibited recombinant α-SNAP-stimulated ATPase activity of NSF, inhibited platelet granule secretion in permeabilized cells. The inhibition by anti-NSF antibodies was abolished by the addition of recombinant NSF. These data provide the first functional evidence that NSF plays an important role in platelet granule secretion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology