A Chronic Murine Disease Model of Coccidioidomycosis Using Coccidioides posadasii, Strain 1038

Lisa F. Shubitz, Daniel A. Powell, Christine D. Butkiewicz, M. Lourdes Lewis, Hien T. Trinh, Jeffrey A. Frelinger, Marc J. Orbach, John N. Galgiani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Murine infections with most Coccidioides spp. strains are lethal by 3 weeks, limiting the study of immune responses. Coccidioides posadasii, strain 1038 (Cp1038), while slowly lethal, resulted in protracted survival of C57BL/6 (B6) mice. In resistant (B6D2)F1/J mice, lung fungal burdens stabilized by week 4 without progression through week 16, better modeling human coccidioidal infections after their immunologic control. Immunodeficient tumor necrosis factor (Tnf) α knockout (KO) and interferon (Ifn) γreceptor 1 (Ifn-γr1) KO mice survived a median of 22.5 and 34 days, compared with 70 days in B6 mice (P =. 001 and P <. 01, respectively), though 14-day lung fungal burden studies showed little difference between Ifn-γr1 KO and B6 mice. B6 mice showed peak concentrations of key inflammatory lung cytokines, including interleukin 6, 23, and 17A, Tnf-α, and Ifn-γ, only after 4 weeks of infection. The slower progression in B6 and the acquired fungal burden stability in B6D2 mice after Cp1038 infection greatly increases the array of possible immunologic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-173
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • B6D2
  • Coccidioides
  • TNF-α
  • chronic
  • cytokines
  • interferon γ
  • mice
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases


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