100 μ m and 160 μ m emission as resolved star-formation rate estimators in M 33 (HERM33ES)

M. Boquien, D. Calzetti, C. Kramer, E. M. Xilouris, F. Bertoldi, J. Braine, C. Buchbender, F. Combes, F. Israel, B. Koribalski, S. Lord, G. Quintana-Lacaci, M. Relaño, M. Röllig, G. Stacey, F. S. Tabatabaei, R. P.J. Tilanus, F. Van Der Tak, P. Van Der Werf, S. Verley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context. Over the past few years several studies have provided estimates of the SFR (star-formation rate) or the total infrared luminosity from just one infrared band. However these relations are generally derived for entire galaxies, which are known to contain a large scale diffuse emission that is not necessarily related to the latest star-formation episode. Aims. We provide new relations to estimate the SFR from resolved star-forming regions at 100 μm and 160 μm. Methods. We select individual star-forming regions in the nearby (840 kpc) galaxy M 33. We estimate the SFR combining the emission in Hα and at 24 μm to calibrate the emission at 100 μm and 160 μm as SFR estimators, as mapped with PACS/Herschel. The data are obtained in the framework of the HERM33ES open time key program. Results. There is less emission in the HII regions at 160 μm than at 100 μm. Over a dynamic range of almost 2 dex in ΣSFR we find that the 100 μm emission is a nearly linear estimator of the SFR, whereas that at 160 μm is slightly superlinear. Conclusions. The behaviour of individual star-forming regions is surprisingly similar to that of entire galaxies. At high ΣSFR, star formation drives the dust temperature, whereas uncertainties and variations in radiation-transfer and dust-heated processes dominate at low ΣSFR. Detailed modelling of both galaxies and individual star forming regions will be needed to interpret similarities and differences between the two and assess the fraction of diffuse emission in galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL70
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
Volume518
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: individual: M 33
  • Galaxies: spiral
  • Galaxies: star formation
  • Infrared: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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