1-O-Alkyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine: A novel source of arachidonic acid in neutrophils stimulated by the calcium ionophore A23187

Charles L. Swendsen, J. Marshall Ellis, Floyd H. Chilton, Joseph T. O'Flaherty, Robert L. Wykle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rabbit peritoneal neutrophils incorporated [14C]arachidonic acid into seven molecular species of choline-containing phosphoglycerides. These 2-[14C]arachidonoyl species differed with respect to the alkyl ether or acyl residue bound at the sn-1 position; four of the seven were ether-linked. Stimulation with calcium ionophore A23187 induced a proportionate release of arachidonate from all seven molecular species: 40% of the released arachidonate came from alkyl ether species. Thus, 1-O-alkyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (GPC) is a significant source of metabolizable arachidonic acid. Since 1-O-alkyl-2-lyso-GPC is the metabolic precussor of platelet activating factor, these results further interrelate pathways forming arachidonate metabolites and platelet activating factor; they also supply a rationale for the observation that both classes of stimuli form concomitantly during cell activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume113
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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