1-ether-linked phosphoglycerides. Major endogenous sources of arachidonate in the human neutrophil

F. H. Chilton, T. R. Connell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations


This study has quantitated changes in the content of labeled and unlabeled arachidonate of neutrophil phosphoglyceride classes and subclasses during cell activation with ionophore A23187. The predominant pools of endogenous arachidonate in the resting neutrophil were found in ethanolamine (68%)-, choline (19%)-, and inositol (12.0%)-containing glycerolipids. Upon stimulation, endogenous arachidonate was lost from primarily ethanolamine (PE) > choline (PC) > inositol (PI)-linked phosphoglycerides. Released leukotriene B4 and 20-hydroxyleukotriene B4 accounted for 10-35% of the total arachidonate lost from all phosphoglyceride classes. In contrast to the mass loss, ionophore induced a decrease of labeled arachidonate from primarily PC and PI. In the resting neutrophil, 66% of the total arachidonate in PC was found in the 1-alkyl-linked fraction. Furthermore, loss of endogenous arachidonate from 1-alkyl-2-arachidonoyl sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine accounted for 62% of the decrease of arachidonate from choline-linked phosphoglycerides. In contrast, 60% of the release of labeled arachidonate from PC subclasses originated from 1-acyl molecular species. 1-Alk-1'-enyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-PE contained 71% of the arachidonate in ethanolamine-linked phosphoglycerides and was the major PE subclass which was degraded during neutrophil activation with ionophore A23187. These findings demonstrate that human neutrophils contain large ether-linked stores of arachidonate and the capacity to mobilize these stores. In addition, this study points out major discrepancies between using mass or label to determine sources of arachidonate for eicosanoids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5260-5265
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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