Database of firms in Istanbul, 1926-50

  • Seven Aglr (Creator)
  • Cihan Artunç (Creator)



This is a replication package for "The Wealth Tax of 1942 and the Disappearance of Non-Muslim Enterprises in Turkey," published in the Journal of Economic History. Turkey imposed a controversial tax on wealth to finance the army in 1942. This tax was arbitrarily assessed and fell disproportionately on non-Muslim minorities. We study the heterogeneous impact of this tax on firms by assembling a new dataset of all enterprises in Istanbul between 1926 and 1950. We find that the tax led to the liquidation of non-Muslim-owned firms, which were older and more productive, reduced the formation of new businesses with non-Muslim owners, and replaced them with frailer Muslim-owned startups. The tax helped "nationalize" the Turkish economy but had negative implications for productivity and growth.
Date made available2018
PublisherICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research
Date of data productionJan 1 1926 - Dec 31 1950
Geographical coverageIstanbul, Turkey

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